Password in terminal mac os x

Getting locked out of your MacBook is never a fun experience.

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Thankfully, you can likely get back in with relative ease. If you've ever forgotten the password to your Mac , you know the panic that begins to take over with each failed attempt to log in. Instead of freaking out, take a deep breath, and find comfort in the fact that you're only a few minutes away from getting back into your Mac. Thankfully, MacOS includes built-in tools to reset your account password in situations just like this. Which tool you use depends on whether or not you have you linked your Apple ID to your user account on the Mac during setup.

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If you didn't, that's all right, you still have another option to reset your account password. You'll need to boot your Mac into Recovery Mode in order to access the password reset tool. I've found the easiest way to do that is to turn off your Mac instead of restarting your Mac and trying to time the keyboard shortcut. With your Mac turned off, press and hold the Command and R keys on your keyboard, then press the power button. A new window will show up, waiting for you to enter a command.

Type " resetpassword " as one word, without the quotes, and press Return. Close the Terminal window, where you will then find the Reset Password tool.


A list of all user accounts on your Mac will be on display. To reset the password for your account, you'll need to set a new password for all users. Make sure you write down the new password for anyone who shares your Mac.

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  4. Locked out of your Mac? How to bypass and reset your password to get back in.
  5. Boot into Recovery Partition.
  6. The Mac Root User Login & Password Guide.
  7. After entering the wrong user password a few times, you might be asked if you want to reset the password using your Apple ID. Alternatively, you can click on the question mark icon in the password text field followed by the arrow icon to trigger the same process. After entering your Apple ID email address and password, an alert will let you know a new keychain that stores your passwords will be created, but your old keychain will remain saved on your Mac. If you ever remember your old password, you'll be able to unlock the old keychain. The password on your Mac is the primary way you will secure and prevent unauthorized access to it.

    If you suspect your password is compromised, decide you wish to use a different one, or have forgotten it, then there are several approaches for changing it.

    These range from the use of the standard system preferences, to various approaches with the Terminal, and finally with use of the Recovery and Single User modes on your Mac. Click the Change Password button to change your password. You can also associate your account with an Apple ID to change your password at the login window using this ID click image for larger view.

    5 Ways to Reset & Change a Lost Admin Password on Mac

    In the dialogue that pops up, you will supply your old password, your new one, and then an optional hint, and your password will be changed. Note that this method is the only one that will properly update your keychain so it unlocks when you log into your account. If you are logged in as an administrator, then you can click the lock to unlock the preferences, followed by selecting an account other than the current one, and then follow the same procedure above to reset the password.

    System Preferences

    If you are logging into a system remotely using SSH or are otherwise accessing your system via the Terminal, there are two options you can use for resetting your password: the dscl command and the passwd command. These can be run in the following manner:.

    For this command, the dot indicates the local directory on the system though an LDAP or other directory can be specified. Note that these commands will have to be run as root to change the password for any account but your own. In addition, it contains a tool for resetting account passwords:. The resetpassword command run in the Terminal utility, will allow you to select your hard drive, then your user account, and reset its password click image for larger view.

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    The above approaches should be enough to change and reset passwords on your Mac; however, you can also go about this using some alternative methods. With a master password set, failing to enter your account password will prompt you to reset it at the login window click image for larger view. With this ID association set up, if you fail to enter a valid password for your account at the login window, your Mac will ask you whether or not you wish to use your Apple ID to reset your Mac.